Helsinki metro map (Finland)

Logo Helsinki Metro

The Helsinki Metro (in finnish, Helsingin metro) is the metro system that serves the city of Helsinki, the capital of Finland.

Inaugurated on 2 of August of 1982, This underground transportation system has been a key piece in the city's urban mobility infrastructure..

The Helsinki Metro has 2 lines that extend along 43 kilometres (26.7 miles) and has a total of 30 stations. This metro system is known for its efficiency, safety and integration with other means of public transportation in the region.

Below we show you several maps of the Helsinki Metro, click on the image to make it larger:

Helsinki Metro Map
Mapa del metro de Helsinki. Helsinki metro map.

Helsinki metro timetables

Here is the table with the Helsinki Metro schedules (year 2024):

WeekdaysHours of operation
Monday to Saturday5:30 a.m. – 11:30 p.m.
Sundays and holidays6:30 a.m. – 11:30 p.m.
Friday and Saturday nightsUntil the 1:30 a.m.
Helsinki Metro Timetable.

    Official Web site

    Metro fares

    The Helsinki Metro fare system is simple and accessible. Below are the ticket prices (year 2024) along with its equivalent in US dollars:

    Type of ticketPrice in euros (EUR)Price in Dollars (USD)
    One-way ticket (Adults, hide AB)2.80 EUR3.07 USD
    One-way ticket (Children 7-17 years, hide AB)1.40 EUR1.54 USD
    Bill of 1 Day (Adults, hide AB)8.00 EUR8.78 USD
    Bill of 1 Day (Children 7-17 years, hide AB)4.00 EUR4.39 USD
    Bill of 2 Days (Adults, hide AB)12.00 EUR13.17 USD
    Bill of 3 Days (Adults, hide AB)16.00 EUR17.56 USD
    Monthly Ticket (Adults, hide AB)62.70 EUR68.79 USD
    Annual Ticket (Adults, hide AB)690.40 EUR757.28 USD
    Helsinki metro prices.

    Considerations

    • Tickets can be purchased from vending machines at the stations, via the HSL mobile app, or via SMS.
    • All tickets allow unlimited transfers within the validity period of the ticket.
    • There are reduced rates for students, older people and other specific groups.

    For more information about rates and purchasing options, visit the official site of HSL.

    History of the Helsinki Metro

    The history of the Helsinki Metro is a chronicle of planning, engineering and development spanning several decades. The idea of ​​building a metro system in Helsinki initially arose in September 1955. It was in that year that a committee was formed under the direction of Reino Castrén to evaluate the need for an underground transportation system in the city.. The committee presented its report in 1963, proposing a light rail system with a total length of 86.5 kilometers and 108 stations, an idea that was rejected for being too expensive.

    In 1967, the plan changed towards a heavy metro system. The works began on 7 May 1969, and a test section was built between Roihupelto and Herttoniemi in 1971. However, Various technical and corruption problems delayed the inauguration of the system until 1982.

    Construction Phases and Expansions

    1. Start of construction (1969): Construction of the first section began in May 1969.
    2. Initial test (1971): A test track was completed between Roihupelto and Herttoniemi.
    3. Official inauguration (1982): The subway officially opened on 2 of August of 1982, with six stations from the Central Railway Station to Itäkeskus.
    4. Initial expansion (1983-1989): In between 1983 y 1989, key stations like Kamppi were added (1983), Sörnäinen (1984), Kontula (1986) and Mellunmäki (1989).
    5. Opening of new stations (1993-1998): New stations were opened including Ruoholahti (1993) y Vuosaari (1998), significantly expanding the network.
    6. Expansion to Espoo (2017-2022): The line was extended westwards with the opening of the Matinkylä-Ruoholahti section in 2017 y Kivenlahti-Matinkylä en 2022.

    Engineers and Companies Involved

    Castrén Kingdom, who led the initial planning efforts, He was a key figure in the early days of the project. After his departure in 1967, Unto Valtanen took over the leadership of the committee, overseeing the transition to a heavy metro system. Several local and international construction companies participated in the different phases of construction and expansion, ensuring that the metro was developed according to modern standards of safety and efficiency.

    Challenges and Achievements

    The Helsinki Metro project was not without challenges. Delays due to technical problems and corruption were significant, but the system was finally launched successfully in 1982. Since then, The metro has been continually expanded to meet the needs of a growing city and to improve connectivity between the suburbs and the city center.

    History of the Helsinki Metro map

    Creation and Initial Development

    The Helsinki Metro map has gone through several phases of design and redesign since the opening of the system in 1982.

    The first maps were created by local designers, commissioned by the Helsinki transport authorities. These early maps were notable for their clarity and simplicity., with a single line and nine stations, using unusual but effective station markers.

    Evolution and Redesigns

    With the expansion of the subway, especially with the extension to Espoo and the opening of new stations, maps have evolved too. In 2017, a new version of the map was introduced to reflect the extension to Matinkylä, and more recently in 2022, updated again to include the extension to Kivenlahti.

    These redesigns were carried out by teams of graphic designers and transportation experts, who have worked closely with the Helsinki Regional Transport Authority (HSL) to ensure that maps are not only accurate, but also easy to understand for users.

    Designers and Companies Involved

    One of the notable aspects of the Helsinki Metro map is the participation of several generations of designers. Initially, The maps were designed by local teams under the supervision of transportation authorities.

    In recent years, the company Kaupunkiliikenne Oy has played a crucial role in updating and maintaining these maps. This company has collaborated with contemporary graphic designers to adopt a more international and modern style, which includes standard elements such as circles for seasons and gently curved lines.

    Innovations and Special Features

    The Helsinki metro map not only serves as a navigation tool, but also reflects the visual identity of the city. The station of Koivusaari, For example, It is highlighted on the map for being the only metro station in the world located… under the sea!!! Besides, current maps use a bilingual layout (Finnish and Swedish) to serve the diverse population of Helsinki.

    Impact and Future

    The latest designs continue to improve in terms of accessibility and ease of use, preparing for future expansions and upgrades that will reflect the continued growth of Helsinki's transportation system.

    Additional data

    The Helsinki Metro is not only a vital means of transportation for residents and visitors of the city, but it is also a tourist attraction in itself. The system is known for its modern architecture and stations decorated with contemporary art. Besides, The subway plays a crucial role in the local economy, facilitating the daily movement of thousands of workers and students.

    The metro also contributes to tourism, providing easy access to iconic landmarks such as Helsinki Cathedral, Senate Square and the modern Kalasatama district. Its integration with other modes of public transport, like buses and trams, ensures a smooth and efficient travel experience for all users.

    Below we show a list of the most important and visited tourist sites in the city.:

    1. Helsinki Cathedral (Season: Kaisaniemi/University of Helsinki, M1/M2 line): Neoclassical icon with green domes, located in the Senate Square.
    2. Fortaleza de Suomenlinna (Season: Central Railway Station/Rautaientori, M1/M2 line): UNESCO World Heritage, accessible by ferry from the center.
    3. Iglesia de Temppeliaukio (Season: Trip, M1/M2 line): rock-cut Lutheran church, known for its acoustics and unique architecture.
    4. Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art (Season: Trip, M1/M2 line): Modern museum with innovative exhibitions and contemporary collections.
    5. Port Market (Season: Central Railway Station/Rautaientori, M1/M2 line): Traditional market next to the port, famous for fresh produce and local crafts.
    6. Esplanadi Park (Season: Central Railway Station/Rautaientori, M1/M2 line): Popular urban park ideal for walks and cultural events.
    7. Design District (Season: Central Railway Station/Rautaientori, M1/M2 line): Vibrant area with designer shops, innovative galleries and restaurants.

    Boston Metro Map (MBTA)

    The Boston Subway, officially known as the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA), It is one of the oldest and most extensive public transportation systems in the United States. Located in Boston, Massachusetts, This metro system began operations on 1 September 1897.

    At the moment, The MBTA has three main lines that cover a total length of 109.6 kilometres (68.1 miles) and serve 153 stations. It is crucial infrastructure for daily mobility in and around Boston., providing a fast and efficient means of transportation.

    Here's the Boston Metro map, click on map to enlarge:

    Boston Metro Map (MBTA)

    Schedules

    • Weekdays and Saturdays: 5:00 AM a 1:00 AM
    • Sundays and holidays: 6:00 AM a 12:00 AM (midnight)

    Rates

    These are the prices of Boston subway tickets:

    Rate TypePrecio
    One-way ticket$2.40 – $2.90 USD
    Daily Pass (1-Day LinkPass)$11.00 USD
    Monthly pass (Monthly LinkPass)$90.00 USD
    StudentsReduced Rates
    Seniors/DisabilityReduced Rates

    Official Web site

    History of the Boston Subway (MBTA)

    The Boston Subway, known as MBTA (Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority), It has a rich and complex history dating back to the late 19th century, when North America's first underground subway system opened.

    Beginnings and first expansions (1890s – 1920s)

    In response to increasing traffic and congestion on Boston streets, The Rapid Transit Commission was formed in 1891. The commission recommended construction of an underground streetcar tunnel under Tremont Street and four elevated rail lines.. The 1 September 1897 the first section of the metro was inaugurated, known as the Tremont Street Subway, which is still in use today. This tunnel connected the Park Street stations, Boylston y Government Center​.

    In 1901, was inaugurated Main Line Elevated, the precursor of the Orange Line, as a rapid transit line that used the Tremont Street tunnel downtown. Shortly after, in 1904, they opened the East Boston Tunnel, that connected downtown Boston with East Boston under Boston Harbor, and they converted it for rapid transit in 1924.

    Consolidation and modernization (1930s – 1950s)

    During the decades of 1930 y 1940, Boston underwent a significant modernization of its streetcar and elevated line system.

    The Boston Elevated Railway Company (BERy), name changed, and carried out several expansion and consolidation projects, including the opening of the Washington Street Tunnel in 1908 and the extension of the Cambridge tunnel in 1912, connecting downtown Boston to Harvard Square in Cambridge.

    Creation of the MBTA and major projects (1960s – 1980s)

    In 1964, the MBTA was created, unifying various transportation entities under a single management structure. This was a turning point for the metro system, which became part of broader regional planning. During the decades of 1970 y 1980, The Southwest Corridor Project was carried out, which realigned and improved the Orange Line, integrating the development of green spaces and recreational areas, demonstrating a commitment to holistic urban planning.

    Modernization and recent challenges (1990s – gift)

    In 1987, relocated the Orange Line from the Washington Street elevated tracks to a new tunnel, which improved efficiency and reduced travel times. In the XXI century, significant investments have been made in new train cars, station renovations and accessibility improvements. These efforts underscore the MBTA's continued importance to Boston's transportation infrastructure..

    For more details on the history of the MBTA, you can visit the following sources:

    Boston Subway Map History

    The Evolution of the Boston Subway Map, known as MBTA (Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority), reflects the rich history and changing needs of the city and its inhabitants.

    Early maps and the BERy era

    The first efforts to map Boston's transit system began with the Boston Elevated Railway Company (BERy), which operated since the end of the 19th century. In these first days, The maps were simple and focused on tram and elevated train routes. In 1947, when the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA), maps began to represent a more consolidated network of transit services, spanning fourteen cities and towns in the Boston area.

    Introduction of the “Spider Map”

    In 1964, with the creation of the MBTA, the first Boston subway map dedicated exclusively to rapid transit was introduced, known as the “Spider Map” o Spider Map. This was designed by the firm Cambridge Seven Associates (C7A). The spider map was revolutionary because it did not superimpose the subway lines on a scale map, but rather presented an independent schematic representation of the metro lines, elevated trains and trams. This design sought a balance between aesthetics and functionality., facilitating navigation for users.

    Evolution and modernization

    Over the years, MBTA maps have continued to evolve to improve clarity and accuracy. In the years 60 y 70, Several attempts were made to combine the simplicity of schematic design with the need for geographical details, but these maps tended to be complicated and difficult to read. In the following decades, the MBTA continued to refine these designs, incorporating all stations and branches of the lines.

    Contemporary redesigns

    In 2013, The MBTA held a map redesign contest, which was won by Michael Kvrivishvili, a russian designer. Its design was selected for its clarity and efficiency in representing subway routes..

    In parallel, Dr. Maxwell Roberts, a professor at the University of Essex, has worked on several conceptual redesigns of the MBTA map, applying principles of topography and precise angular structure to create clearer, more organized representations of the transit system.

    For more information on the history of the MBTA map, you can visit the following sources:

    Additional data

    The MBTA is not only vital for local residents but also for tourists visiting Boston. Some of the most popular stops include:

    1. Freedom Trail (Park Street, Red/Green Line): historical route of 4 km that connects 16 significant sites of the American Revolution.
    2. Fenway Park (Kenmore, Green Line): Boston Red Sox baseball stadium, the oldest in the MLB.
    3. Museum of Fine Arts (Museum of Fine Arts, Green Line): Museum with world art collections spanning 5,000 years of history.
    4. Boston Common (Park Street, Red/Green Line): Oldest public park in the United States, founded in 1634.
    5. New England Aquarium (Aquarium, Blue line): Aquarius with more than 20,000 marine animals and a giant coral reef tank.
    6. Harvard University (Harvard, Red Line): World renowned university founded in 1636, with a historic campus and museums.
    7. Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum (South Station, Red Line): Interactive museum that recreates the historic Boston Tea Party 1773.

    San Francisco Subway: BART

    The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) is the subway system that serves San Francisco and its surrounding areas in the state of California, EE.UU. Inaugurated on 11 September 1972, BART has grown to become an essential part of public transportation in the San Francisco Bay Area.

    With a total of 6 lines and 50 stations, The system extends 197.8 kilometres (122.9 miles), connecting San Francisco with neighboring cities like Oakland, Berkeley, and Saint Joseph.

    Metro Map

    Below we show you the map of the San Francisco Metro:

    San Francisco BART Subway Map

    We also have the PDF version of the San Francisco subway map.

    San Francisco Metro Schedules

    • Work days: 4:00 AM until 12:00 AM
    • Saturdays: 6:00 AM until 12:00 AM
    • Sundays: 8:00 AM until 12:00 AM

    Official Web site

    Rates

    BART's fare system is based on trip distance and offers different prices for various zones and ticket types.:

    • Adult ticket: $2.50 – $4.95 USD.
    • Ticket for seniors (65+), disabled and young (5-18 years): 62.5% discount on regular rate.
    • Clippers Cards: Reloadable payment card offering low rates and convenience.

    Besides, There are monthly rate options and special passes for frequent travelers, as well as additional fees for parking at BART stations.

    To calculate the exact cost of a trip, Passengers can use the BART fare calculator.

    Rate Summary

    • short trips (less than 6 miles): About $2.50 USD.
    • Medium distance trips (6-14 miles): About $3.25 – $4.00 USD.
    • Long trips (more of 14 miles): Until $4.95 USD.

    Rates may vary slightly due to periodic adjustments and special rates for specific events or situations. It is advisable to always check the official BART website for updated fares.

    History of the San Francisco Subway: BART

    El Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) It is an engineering masterpiece and a testament to long-term collaboration in the San Francisco Bay region.. Its history dates back to the decade of 1940 and covers various planning phases, construction and expansion.

    Origins and Initial Planning

    The idea of ​​BART arose in 1946 during informal meetings between business and civic leaders seeking solutions to growing traffic congestion on the San Francisco Bay Bridges. In 1951, The California State Legislature created the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit Commission, what in 1957 recommended a high-speed electric train system to connect major cities around the bay.

    Project Start

    Official construction of BART began on 19 June 1964, with President Lyndon Johnson inaugurating the work of the Diablo Test Track between Concord and Walnut Creek. This test section of 4.4 miles was completed in ten months and served to develop and evaluate new design concepts for the cars and the automatic train control system..

    Construction Phases

    • 1966: Oakland Subway Tunnel Construction Begins. In November of the same year, work on the tube began transbay, connecting Oakland and San Francisco under the bay. This tube, Completed in 1969, It was the longest and deepest submerged tunnel in the world at the time..
    • 1967: Completion of the Berkeley Hills Tunnel, a tunnel of 3.2 miles through hard rock and active faults.
    • 1972: Inauguration of passenger service 11 of September, initially between Oakland and Fremont, con 28 miles of tracks and 12 stations.
    • 1974: Start of transbay service between Oakland and San Francisco, restoring transbay passenger rail service for the first time since the discontinuation of the Key system on the Bay Bridge.

    Later Expansions

    • 1995-1996: Extension from Concord to Pittsburg/Bay Point, with the eBART line beginning service in 2018.
    • 2003: Opening of the line that connects with the San Francisco International Airport (SFO).
    • 2014: Construction begins on extension to Warm Springs/South Fremont, which was inaugurated in 2017.

    Engineering and Companies Involved

    The BART project was managed by the joint venture Parsons-Brinckerhoff-Tudor-Bechtel (PB-T-B), which included Parsons Brinckerhoff, Tudor Engineering Company y Bechtel Corporation. These firms provided engineering specialists and managed all technical and construction aspects of the project..

    Technological Innovations

    BART introduced several innovations, such as the use of lightweight aluminum wagons and a track width of 5 pies 6 inches, unusual in the United States, to improve stability and comfort. The system uses a power supply of 1,000 volts of direct current through a third rail, a design uncommon in other contemporary metro systems.

    History of the San Francisco Subway Map: BART

    The BART system map has gone through several significant transformations since its creation, reflecting the evolution and expansion of San Francisco's rapid transit system.

    Next, A detailed chronicle of its development and the key designers involved in each stage is presented..

    The First Maps

    The first San Francisco Metro map (BART) was designed in the years 70 When the system was inaugurated in 1972. This initial map, with dark blue waters and a single orange line, is an anonymous work of the engineers involved in the BART construction project.

    These designers were likely from the engineering firms involved in creating BART., as Parsons Brinckerhoff, Tudor Engineering Company y Bechtel Corporation​.

    Evolution of the Map over the Years 90

    In the years 90, Bart Wright, a professional designer and mapping expert from the Bay Area, started working on the BART map. Wright joined the Reineck firm & Reineck fresh out of college, and one of his first projects was updating the BART map. This was one of the first projects to fully use the computer for design..

    Map Modernization

    Around the 2010/2011, Wright designed an improved version of the BART map that not only shows the BART system, but also other public transport connections, such as San Francisco Muni and the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. Reineck & Reineck has continued to work directly with BART to iterate on the map, adding stations and transfers as needed.

    Design Philosophy

    Wright emphasizes the need for the map to be easy to read and understand, especially for passengers who are standing in a crowded train, looking over someone else's shoulder to find out where to transfer. For this, a hierarchy of characteristics was determined, highlighting the seasons first, then the lines, The transfers, connections with airports, and the parking lots.

    Controversies and Challenges

    Map design can be a contentious topic. For example, the famous modernist subway map designer, Massimo Vignelli, faced criticism when he designed a map for the New York subway in 1972. Wright, for his part, has had to ensure that the color scheme and the inclusion of certain geographical features make navigation easy for users, distinguishing the BART map from other public transportation maps.

    Future of the BART Map

    With BART's continued expansion, especially towards San José, Wright has mentioned that it might be a good time to rethink the iconic map. The need to include new lines and stations suggests that the current map could be reaching the end of its useful life and require a complete overhaul to accommodate future expansions..

    Additional data

    • Economic: BART is vital to the local economy, facilitating access to jobs, education and essential services throughout the Bay Area.
    • Turismo: Tourists use BART to reach popular destinations like San Francisco International Airport (SFO), Downtown Oakland and San Francisco attractions, including the Embarcadero and Union Square.
    • Cultural: BART connects diverse cultural communities, offering a window into the rich diversity of the Bay Area.
    • Technology: San Francisco y Silicon Valley, areas served by BART, They are epicenters of global technological innovation.

    Most important tourist places in San Francisco

    1. Golden Gate Bridge (Stop: Jetty, Line: Blue) Icon of St. Francis, Famous Red Bridge Suspended Over the Bay.
    2. Alcatraz Island (Stop: Jetty, Line: Blue) Historic prison on an island, known for its famous recluses and escapes.
    3. Fisherman's Wharf (Stop: Jetty, Line: Blue) Popular seaside area with fresh seafood, Shops and the wax museum.
    4. Chinatown (Stop: Montgomery, Line: Yellow) The Largest Chinatown Outside Asia, full of shops and restaurants.
    5. Union Square (Stop: Powell Street, Line: Yellow) Main shopping district and hotels, with outdoor events.
    6. Golden Gate Park (Stop: Jetty, Line: Blue, and then bus) Sprawling urban park with gardens, museums and trails to explore.
    7. Pier 39 (Stop: Jetty, Line: Blue) Shopping and entertainment center with views of sea lions and the bay.

    Washington Metro Map

    The Washington Metro, officially known as Metrorail, is the rapid transit system serving the Washington metropolitan area, DC., city located in the United States.

    Administered by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA), the Metro was inaugurated in 1976 and has expanded to include six color lines (Red, Blue, Orange, Yellow, Green & Silver), with a total of 98 stations and 129 miles (208 km) of roads. The system covers the District of Columbia and extends to the suburbs of Maryland and Virginia.

    Here's the Washington DC Metro Map, Click image to enlarge:

    Washington Metro Map.

    If you wish, there is a version of it map of the Washington Metro in PDF version.

    Washington Metro Schedules

    The hours of operation of the Washington Metro are as follows:

    • Monday to thursday: 5:00 a.m. – 12:00 a.m.
    • Friday: 5:00 a.m. – 1:00 a.m.
    • Saturday: 7:00 a.m. – 1:00 a.m.
    • Sunday: 7:00 a.m. – 12:00 a.m.

    Rates

    The cost of tickets on the Washington Metro varies depending on the distance traveled, the time of day and type of card used. Fees can range from $2.00 y $6.00 in local currency. Users can use the SmarTrip card, a reloadable card that is also available in digital version for Apple and Google Wallet.

    Official Web site

    History of the Metro

    The History of the Washington Metro, DC, it is a testament to twentieth-century urban planning and engineering. Here is the chronology of its development and expansion:

    Origins and Initial Planning

    The idea of a subway system in Washington began to take shape in the 1990s. 1950. During this time, the Planning Commission of the National Capital (NCPC) developed a master plan that included the creation of a rapid transit network to complement the highway infrastructure projected for the region. In 1960, the federal government created the National Capital Transportation Agency (NCTA) To study and plan the subway system.

    In 1967, WMATA was established through an interstate agreement between Washington and the United States., DC, Maryland and Virginia, with the aim of designing, Build and operate the subway system. Construction began in December 1969.

    Construction and Opening Phases

    1. Phase 1 (1969-1976):
      • The first line to open was the Red Line, with the first leg between Farragut North and Rhode Island Avenue opened on 27 March 1976. This initial segment included five stations.
    2. Phase 2 (1977-1980):
      • In 1977, the Red Line was extended to Silver Spring and the Blue Line was opened between National Airport (now Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport) and Stadium-Armory. The Orange Line also began operations in 1978 between New Carrollton and Ballston.
    3. Phase 3 (1980-1991):
      • This phase saw the opening of the Yellow Line in 1983 and the Green Line in 1991. The Yellow Line connected Huntington to Gallery Place, and the Green Line initially extended from U Street to Anacostia.
    4. Phase 4 (1991-2004):
      • The decade of 1990 and principles of 2000 focused on the extension of existing lines. The Green Line was completed in 2001, stretching from Greenbelt in Maryland to Branch Avenue​.

    Recent Expansions

    • Silver Line (2014-2023):
      • One of the most significant expansions was the inauguration of the Silver Line. The first phase opened in 2014, stretching from East Falls Church to Wiehle-Reston East. The Second Phase, completed in 2022, extended the line to Ashburn in Loudoun County, including a station at Dulles International Airport.
      • The Newest Station, Potomac Yard, The 19 May 2023, improving access to new areas of development in Virginia.

    Construction Challenges & Techniques

    The construction of the Washington Subway involved several challenges, especially due to the need to excavate in densely populated areas and with historic buildings. Most of the stations were built using the “cut and cover“, That involves digging a trench, cover it and then rebuild the surface. However, in areas where the terrain was rocky, as Dupont Circle, Woodley Park and Cleveland Park, Drill and blast techniques were used.

    One of the most notable issues was the management of underground infrastructure near historic buildings and sensitive government communications, This required ingenious solutions to minimize damage and avoid disruption.

    Impact & Legacy

    The Washington Metro has had a significant impact on reducing vehicular traffic and promoting transit-oriented development in the region. It has been a key part of the mobility of millions of residents and visitors, consolidating itself as a vital element of the urban infrastructure of the capital of the United States.

    This timeline shows the evolution of a project that not only transformed mobility in Washington, DC, it also became a model for the planning and construction of public transport systems around the world.

    History of the Washington Metro Map, DC

    The Washington Metro Map, DC, has evolved significantly since its inception in 1976, becoming an icon of both urban design and transport cartography.

    Early Designs and Developments

    The original design of the map was created by Lance Wyman, a prominent American graphic designer known for his work on the visual identity of the Mexico Olympics 1968. Wyman was hired by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) to develop a map that would be intuitive and easy to use for subway users.

    Wyman's approach focused on clarity and simplicity, using brightly colored lines and clearly marked seasons. This design helped users navigate the system efficiently, despite the complexities of Washington's underground cityscape. Colored Lines, one for each subway route, and the circles for the stations became the basis of the design that has been maintained over the decades.

    Updates and Changes

    Over the years, The map has been updated several times to reflect system expansions and improve readability. In 2012, For example, The “Rush+ System Map” to accommodate the new rush hour service. This version of the map incorporated new symbologies and tweaks to the design to improve the geographic accuracy of lines and stations.

    The most recent changes included the addition of the Silver Line, which was one of the most significant expansions. The map layout has also been adjusted to include subtitles on stations with long names, thus improving the readability and overall aesthetics of the map.

    Design Challenges and Solutions

    One of the main challenges in map design has been balancing geographic accuracy with visual clarity. Although the Washington Metro map is stylized in a schematic format similar to Harry Beck's famous London Metro map, Continuous efforts have been made to correct geographical distortions and improve the user experience. For example, The locations of some stations have been adjusted to better reflect their actual relative position and additional symbols have been introduced to indicate specific services and transfers.

    Collaborations and Competencies

    On several occasions, WMATA has engaged the community in the map redesign process through contests and surveys. These efforts have resulted in a wide range of feedback and suggestions that have contributed to continuous improvements to the map's design. Community engagement has been instrumental in ensuring that the map is not only functional, but also well received by its users.

    Additional data

    • Escalators: Wheaton Station on the Red Line features the longest escalator in the Western Hemisphere, con 230 pies (70 m) Length.
    • Turismo: The Metro provides easy access to many sights in Washington, DC, including the Smithsonian (Orange Lines, Silver & Blue), the National Zoo (Red Line) and the National Mall.
    • Connectivity: The Silver Line connects directly to Dulles International Airport, while the Blue and Yellow Lines serve Ronald Reagan National Airport.

    The most touristic sites in Washington are as follows:

    1. National Mall (Smithsonian, Orange Lines, Silver & Blue): Sprawling green space with iconic landmarks and free Smithsonian museums.
    2. U.S. Capitol (Capitol South, Orange Line, Silver & Blue): U.S. Congress Headquarters. U.S., Offers free guided tours.
    3. White House (McPherson Square, Orange Line, Silver & Blue): Official Residence of the President of the United States, Accessible with prior tour.
    4. National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian, Orange Lines, Silver & Blue): Smithsonian Museum with Fossils, Gems & Natural History Exhibits.
    5. Lincoln Memorial (Foggy Bottom, Orange Line, Silver & Blue): Iconic monument dedicated to President Abraham Lincoln, located on the National Mall.
    6. National Air and Space Museum (L'Enfant Plaza, Green Lines, Yellow, Orange, Silver & Blue): Smithsonian Museum with aviation and space exploration exhibits.
    7. Washington Monument (Smithsonian, Orange Lines, Silver & Blue): Obelisk Honoring George Washington, It offers panoramic views of the city.

    Montreal metro map

    Logo metro Montreal

    The Montreal Metro, officially known as Métro de Montréal, is an underground rapid transit system that operates in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

    It was inaugurated on 14 October 1966 during the mandate of Alcalde Jean Drapeau. Since its opening, has grown from 22 stations on two lines 68 stations on four lines, with a total length of 69,2 kilometres (43 miles)​.

    The Montreal Metro is the busiest rapid transit system in Canada, with an average of 1,046,300 daily trips on weekdays and an annual total of 303,969,500 trips in 2023.

    subway map

    Below we show you the Montreal Metro map in various versions, click on the map to enlarge the image.

    Montreal subway schedules

    • Work days: from 5:30 AM until 1:00 AM
    • Saturdays: from 5:30 AM until 1:30 AM
    • Sundays and holidays: from 5:30 AM until 1:00 AM

    Rates

    Below are the main rates, with its equivalent in US dollars:

    • Single ticket: 3.50 CAD (2.58 USD)
    • 2 trips: 7.00 CAD (5.16 USD)
    • 10 trips: 29.50 CAD (21.75 USD)
    • daily ticket: 11.00 CAD (8.11 USD)
    • Unlimited weekend: 15.25 CAD (11.24 USD)
    • weekly card: 29.00 CAD (21.38 USD)
    • monthly card: 94.00 CAD (69.29 USD)
    • annual card: 1128.00 CAD (831.50 USD)

    Official Web site

    History of the Montreal subway

    The Montreal Metro opened on 14 October 1966, and is an underground rapid transit system that has become an essential element of the city's infrastructure. The idea of ​​building a subway in Montreal arose due to increasing congestion on the streets and the need for a more efficient transportation system..

    Beginnings and construction

    The metro project began to seriously take shape in 1960 when Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal, was convinced by his collaborator Lucien Saulnier during a trip to Paris. There they observed the technology of trains with rubber tires, which offered quieter operation and faster acceleration. Inspired by this innovation, Drapeau and Saulnier promoted the construction of the Montreal subway with this unique technology in North America.

    In January 1961, The Quebec government granted the city of Montreal the power to build the subway, and official planning began in April of that year. Construction began on 23 May 1962, employing more than 5,000 workers at their peak. The final cost of the project was $213.7 million dollars.

    Phases of Expansion and Opening of Lines

    The original subway consisted of two lines: the Green Line and the Orange Line, inaugurated in 1966. The Green Line, that runs east-west, connected Atwater and Papineau stations, while the Orange Line, that corre norte-sur, iba of Henri-Bourassa in Bonaventure​.

    In 1967, The Yellow Line was added to serve the Expo 67, connecting downtown Montreal with Longueuil. Construction of the Blue Line began in 1986, and was completed in 1988, extending the system to the northeast of the city.

    Engineers & Construction Companies

    The design and construction of the metro was carried out by several prominent engineers and architects. The lead engineer was Lucien L'Allier, who was also the director of Public Works. The First Train Units, known as MR-63, were manufactured by Canadian Vickers, a company that was later acquired by Bombardier.

    Development & Unique Features

    The Montreal Metro is recognized for its distinctive architecture and public art. Each station was designed by a different architect, which gives a unique identity to each one. Besides, has more than 100 public works of art, including murals and stained glass, that adorn the seasons.

    One of the most interesting aspects is the use of rubber tires instead of steel wheels, providing a smoother ride and reducing noise. This innovative design has been a distinctive feature of the Montreal subway since its inauguration..

    Future Expansions

    Over the years, The metro has continued to expand and adapt to the needs of the city. At the moment, There are plans for future expansions that will include new stations and lines to further improve transportation service in Montreal..

    In summary, The Montreal Metro has evolved from its humble beginnings in 1966 to become one of the largest rapid transit systems in North America, combining transportation efficiency with a rich cultural and artistic heritage.

    History of the Montreal Subway Map

    First designs and implementation

    The Montreal metro map has evolved significantly since the metro's inauguration on 14 October 1966.

    Metro planning (and your map) began at the beginning of the decade 1960 under the direction of Mayor Jean Drapeau and his collaborator Lucien Saulnier. The first network consisted of two lines: the Green Line and the Orange Line, that covered the main axes of the city.

    Development and expansions

    On the first years, The design of the Montreal subway map focused on providing a clear and efficient representation of routes and connections. The original design was simple due to fewer stations.

    Over time, as the subway expanded, the map was adjusted to include new lines and stations. The Yellow Line was added in 1967 to serve the Expo 67, connecting Montreal with Longueuil. Posteriorly, in 1988, The Blue Line was inaugurated, further expanding the network.

    Designers and companies involved

    The engineers and planners of the Société de transport de Montréal (STM) influenced the initial design of the map, overseeing the construction and expansion of the subway.

    Lucien L'Allier, One of the leading engineers, played a crucial role in the planning and development of the subway system and map. The Canadian Vickers Company, which was later acquired by Bombardier, manufactured the first MR-63 trains.

    Modern Changes & Updates

    The current Montreal Metro map has undergone several updates to reflect expansions and improve its clarity.

    The Montreal Transport Company (STM) has worked with various graphic designers and companies specialized in cartography to create updated versions of the map.

    Recently, the STM collaborated with the company “Axonometric” to redesign the map, incorporating elements such as the new Réseau express métropolitain (REM) and bus rapid transit corridors, ensuring an accurate and easy-to-understand representation for users​​.

    Additional data

    The Montreal Metro stands out for its distinctive architecture and public art. Several different architects designed each station, giving them all a unique character. Besides, The system has more than 100 public works of art, including stained glass, murals and sculptures by Quebec artists.

    This subway is unique in North America for using rubber tires instead of steel wheels, providing a smoother ride and lower noise. The current network mainly serves the north, East and Central Isle of Montreal, with connections to Longueuil via the Yellow Line and to Laval via the Orange Line.

    The subway is not only an efficient means of transport, but also a cultural and architectural attraction, highlighting stations such as Champ-de-Mars, featuring a stunning stained glass window by artist Marcelle Ferron.

    Below is a list of the most important and visited attractions in Montreal:

    1. Notre-Dame Basilica (Place-d'Armes, Orange Line): Impressive Gothic church known for its splendid interior and luminous display of lights and sounds.
    2. Mount Royal Park (Mont-Royal, Orange Line): A vast green space designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, perfect for walks and panoramic views.
    3. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Guy-Concordia, Green Line): Important art museum with a diverse collection of works from antiquity to contemporary art.
    4. Old Port of Montreal (Champ-de-Mars, Orange Line): Historic riverside area with activities, festivals and boat trips.
    5. Montreal Botanical Garden (Pie-IX, Green Line): Extensive garden with an impressive variety of plants and themed displays.
    6. Biodome de Montreal (Viau, Green Line): Interactive space that simulates diverse ecosystems of the Americas.
    7. Jean-Drapeau Park (Jean-Drapeau, Yellow line): Island complex with event facilities, amusement parks and recreational areas.

    Toronto Subway Map

    Toronto subway logo

    The Metro Toronto, officially known as Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), is the rapid transit system that serves the city of Toronto and neighboring areas in Ontario, Canada.

    Inaugurated on 30 April 1954, The system has grown to include four lines covering a total of 76.9 kilometres (47.8 miles) y 75 stations.

    This system is the second busiest in Canada, after the Montreal Metro, with a daily influx of approximately 1.029.000 passengers on weekdays (year 2024)​.

    subway map

    Below we show you the map of the Toronto Metro:

    Toronto Subway Map

    The same Toronto subway map but without the bus lines:

    Toronto subway map without bus lines.

    And we also have the old map, in case anyone is interested:

    Map of Metro Toronto

    Schedules

    • Weekdays and Saturdays: 6:00 AM until 1:30 AM.
    • Sundays: 8:00 AM until 1:30 AM.

    Rates

    • One-way ticket: 3.25 CAD (2.39 USD).
    • daily pass: 12.50 CAD.
    • Monthly pass: 146.25 CAD.
    • Discounts: Available for students, older people and people with disabilities.

    Official Web site

    History of the subway

    Toronto subway, known as Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), It has an interesting history dating back to the beginning of the 20th century..

    Beginnings and first plans

    Traffic congestion in Toronto was already a problem in 1910, when the city hired the American traffic consulting firm Jacobs and Davies to study the situation.

    In your report, proposed building a subway line along Yonge Street from Union Station to St. Clair Avenue, as well as a two-level viaduct over the Don Valley to accommodate both vehicular and metro traffic..

    Crucial progress and decisions

    In 1942, Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) began advocating for the development of subway service. With the collaboration of consultant Norman D. Wilson and the De Leuw firm, Cather & Co., The report was prepared “Rapid Transit for Toronto” in 1945. This report recommended major improvements in the speed and comfort of transportation, anticipating the city's explosive growth after World War II.

    The 1 January 1946, Toronto citizens overwhelmingly approved the TTC's plan to build the subway in a plebiscite. However, due to post-war supply shortages, The opening ceremony did not take place until 8 September 1949.

    Construction of the first subway

    Construction of the Yonge subway line began in 1949 and faced several challenges, including steel shortages during the Korean War, which delayed its completion until 1954. The project had a final cost of 67 million dollars.

    The first subway train units were purchased from the Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company in England.. These trains were similar to those used on the London Underground. The first order was placed in November 1951, and the first trains arrived in Toronto in 1953.

    Inauguration and expansion

    The 30 March 1954, the premier of ontario, Leslie Frost, and the mayor of Toronto, Allan Lamport, Yonge subway line officially opened, the first in Canada, which ran between Union Station and Eglinton Avenue. The ceremony was a significant event, with the presence of dignitaries and a crowd of enthusiastic citizens.

    Posteriorly, the system expanded with the Bloor-Danforth line, inaugurated in 1966, and the Sheppard line, open in 2002. Each expansion responded to the growing need for efficient public transportation in a constantly growing city..

    Recent and future development

    Currently, new lines and extensions are being built, including the Ontario Line and the Eglinton and Finch West light rail lines, scheduled to open (in theory) this same year 2024.

    Why is the line closed 3 Toronto subway?

    The line 3 Toronto subway, conocida como Scarborough RT, was permanently closed due to maintenance problems and a derailment that occurred in July 2023. The trains on this line were old and difficult to maintain, leading to frequent problems and unreliable operation. After the derailment, which resulted in minor injuries for five people, it was decided to close the line earlier than planned.

    To replace this line, A bus service has been implemented that follows the same route and will operate until the extension of the Line 2 of the metro is complete, which is estimated for 2030. There are no plans to reopen the Line 3 as such.

    Toronto Subway Map History

    The development of the Toronto subway map has evolved significantly since its inception in the 1990s. 1950 to the present, reflecting design changes, system expansion and modernization.

    First designs and initial expansion

    The original Toronto Subway map was designed for the opening of the Yonge Line in 1954, Canada's first underground line. This initial map was simple, reflecting the uniqueness of the line that ran between Union Station and Eglinton Avenue. At the moment, The design was clear and functional., focused on guiding passengers through the new transportation system.

    Changes in materials and aesthetics

    In the years 60 y 70, as the subway system expanded with the opening of the Bloor-Danforth line in 1966 and later extensions, the map design also evolved.

    During these years, the TTC began employing more durable materials and a more unified aesthetic in its stations and maps, although each station was uniquely designed by different architects, as Arthur Erickson for Eglinton West and Yorkdale, y Dunlop-Farrow Architects para Dupont y Lawrence West​ (Fuente: Spacing)​.

    Issues with materials and design review

    At the end of the years 70 and principles of 80, significant changes were made due to problems with the original materials. The vitrolite tiles used in the first stations began to break and were difficult to replace, prompting the TTC to cover these tiles with wire mesh and install new, more durable tiles in 1982. These changes also affected the layout of the map, that lost some visual cohesion.

    Modernization and recovery of the classic style

    In 2013, the TTC took steps to preserve its history and redesign its classic typography. TTC design and signage team updated subway typography, known as “Bloor-Yonge”, adding missing numbers and punctuation, and correcting problems with some letters. This modernization effort sought to combine modern functionality with a respect for the system's historic design..

    Recent and future expansions

    Currently, Toronto's subway system continues to expand with projects like the Ontario Line, the extension of the Eglinton Crosstown line and the Finch West line.

    Additional data

    The Toronto subway has 52 wheelchair accessible stations; all stations will be accessible to 2025.

    Toronto offers cultural and tourist attractions near subway stations, like the CN Tower, the Royal Ontario Museum and Toronto Islands.

    The most important tourist places in Toronto are the following:

    1. CN Tower (Union Station, Yonge-University line): Toronto icon with panoramic views and famous EdgeWalk.
    2. Royal Ontario Museum (Museum Station, Yonge-University line): Museum with art collections, world-renowned culture and natural history.
    3. Toronto Islands (Ferry desde Jack Layton Ferry Terminal, near Union Station): Ferry-accessible parks and beaches with stunning views of the skyline.
    4. Ripley's Aquarium of Canada (Union Station, Yonge-University line): Aquarium with interactive exhibits and a stunning underwater walkway.
    5. Distillery District (King Station, Yonge-University line): Historic area with shops, restaurants and cultural events in former industrial buildings.
    6. Casa Loma (Dupont Station, Yonge-University line): Historic castle with gardens, secret tunnels and exhibits.
    7. Art Gallery of Ontario (St. Patrick Station, Yonge-University line): One of the largest art galleries in North America, with works by Canadian and international artists.

    Map of Copenhagen Metro (S-train)

    Logo Metro Copenhagen

    The Copenhagen Metro, also known as “Københavns Metro” o “S-tog”, is the underground and surface transportation system that operates in the capital of Denmark, in Europe.

    Inaugurated on 19 October 2002, has expanded over the years with its latest expansion carried out in 2007. At the moment, the system covers 170 kilometres (about 105.63 miles), con 84 stations that cover both the city center and peripheral areas.

    Here's the Copenhagen Metro map:

    Map Metro Copenhagen
    Map Metro Copenhagen
    Map Metro Copenhagen
    Map Metro Copenhagen

    Schedules

    The Copenhagen Metro operates with the following schedules:

    • Every day: continuous service 24 hours with different frequencies.

    Rates

    The Copenhagen Metro uses a zone-based fare system, which also extends to the rest of the public transport network of the capital region. The city is divided into several zones, and the cost of the tickets varies depending on how many areas the trip covers.

    • One-way ticket: Cuesta 24 DKK (~3,50 USD) for a trip covering two areas, the minimum available rate. Each single ticket is valid for 1 hour from purchase and can be used on buses, trains and subways within the covered areas.
    • Bill of 24 Hours: Offers unlimited travel within all areas of Copenhagen during 24 hours per 160 DKK (~23,50 USD). Ideal for tourists and those who plan to travel through different parts of the city in a single day.
    • City Pass: Available in versions for 24, 48, 72, 96 y 120 hours, This pass covers unlimited travel in the zones 1-4 (which include the airport) during the validity period. Prices vary between 80 DKK (~11,75 USD) for 24 hours, until 300 DKK (~44 USD) for the pass of 120 hours.
    • Tarjeta Travel card: A reloadable card that offers lower rates and flexibility. Travelers can charge balance and pay only for the areas traveled. It is a popular choice for residents and frequent travelers.
    • Discount and Family Tickets: Children under 12 years old travel free with an adult who has a valid ticket. Besides, there are discounts for students and seniors.

    Official Web site

    For more information, visit the Copenhagen Metro official site.

    Complete list of tourist attractions in Copenhagen in the popular Ticket sales website. In addition to discovering new options, you can buy tickets in advance, avoiding long lines, bad weather and sometimes, get a discount 20%.

    History of the Metro

    The Copenhagen Metro, a modern jewel of public transport, opened its doors in 2002 after years of planning.

    Its roots date back to the early 1990s. 1990, when the Danish government decided to improve the transport infrastructure of the capital region. Inspired by the growing demand for a more efficient and sustainable network, The authorities conceived an advanced underground system that could also function at surface level.

    The initial design included two main lines, M1 y M2, that run through the city center and connect suburban areas. These lines expanded to cover more neighborhoods, providing a complete network of quick access to the most important places in the metropolis.

    The opening of the M3 line, known as “The city ring”, in 2019 marked a milestone in the system's expansion by creating a circular line linking key areas of the city.

    From the beginning, The Metro has incorporated driverless automatic trains that operate continuously, 24/7. This approach has allowed the Copenhagen Metro to become a benchmark in rapid transport, efficient and safe, serving millions of passengers every year.

    Copenhagen Metro Map History

    The evolution of the Copenhagen Metro map is intertwined with the growth and history of the city's transportation system. Since its initial conception, The design has aimed to offer passengers a clear and understandable representation of the network.

    The first version of the map, created by the design firm COWI, reflected the early stages of the system when lines M1 and M2 opened in 2002. This design was simplified to show strategic connections and main stations, as the system extended its lines towards Vanløse and the airport.

    With the opening of the M3 line, o City ring, in 2019, the map was redesigned to include the circular network, offering a clear visual perspective of the new route.

    Designers Kristoffer Bæk and Pasha Omelekhin developed an unofficial design that integrated the subway lines, S-tog and other transports, thus achieving a map that shows not only the routes but also their location in the city for better orientation. This design was inspired by iconic systems like London, allowing first-time and local travelers to easily plan their routes.

    The original idea for a subway system in Copenhagen dates back decades before the opening of the subway. There were previous attempts in the years 70 y 80, but financial problems and political disagreements delayed progress. Finally, in the decade of 1990, the Ørestadsselskabet I/S consortium was formed to finance and build the first lines, thus establishing the base map for the extensions that followed.

    At the moment, the map updates to reflect the new lines, stations and technical improvements including the M4 line to Nordhavn and future extensions to Sydhavnen. With a network that covers 39 seasons and continues to expand, The map design is vital for the functionality of the system and the efficient mobility of local passengers and tourists.

    Additional data

    The Copenhagen Metro offers direct access to many important destinations in the city:

    • Tivoli Gardens (Season: Copenhagen H): This historic amusement park, which opened in 1843, It is a unique mix of charming gardens, exciting attractions and quality restaurants.
    • New Harbor (Season: Kongens Nytorv): The colorful port with its bars and restaurants is a picturesque place to stroll, offering a vibrant atmosphere all year round.
    • The little Mermaid (Season: Østerport): Inspired by the famous story by Hans Christian Andersen, This statue is one of the most recognizable icons of Copenhagen.
    • Palacio de Amalienborg (Season: The marble church): Residence of the Danish royal family, with its impressive architecture and daily changing of the guard.
    • Round tower (Season: Nørreport): Historic observation tower with a unique spiral ramp allowing a spectacular view of the city.

    Munich metro map

    The Munich Metro, officially known as “Münchner U-Bahn”, is the underground transportation system in the city of Munich, Germany.

    Inaugurated on 19 October 1971, This system has gone through numerous expansions, with the last in 2010.

    Currently it has 8 lines that cover 102 stations, covering a length of 103.1 kilometres (about 64.06 miles). It is crucial for the daily mobility of residents and tourists moving through the city.

    Here's the Munich Metro map:

    Munich metro map 2015

    Munich metro map

    You can download the previous map in PDF version and in high resolution: Munich-metro-map-schnellbahnnetzplan.pdf. We continue with more maps:

    Munich metro map 8
    Munich metro map 7
    Munich metro map 3
    Munich metro map 2

    Schedules

    The Munich Metro operates with the following schedules:

    • Every day: of 4:00h a 1:00h.

    Rates

    The system offers the following options:

    Type of ticketPrice in EUR (USD)Details
    One-way ticket3.30 EUR (~3.62 USD)a single trip.
    Individual Day Ticket8.80 EUR (~9.66 USD)Unlimited trips for one day.
    Party ticket16.10 EUR (~17.69 USD)Until 5 people for a day.
    Munich subway prices.

    Official Web site

    For more information, visit the official site of the Munich Metro.

    To find a Complete list of tourist attractions in Munich, We recommend you visit the well-known page web de Tiqets. In addition to discovering options that you may not have known about, you can buy tickets in advance, avoiding queues, bad weather and, sometimes, get up to a 20% off.

    History of the Metro

    The Munich Metro was inaugurated on 19 October 1971, coinciding with the city's preparation for the Olympic Games 1972.

    Conceived as a solution to meet the growing demand for urban transportation, The system initially consisted of only two lines, that connected the center with the peripheral areas.

    Over time, the network expanded to connect a greater variety of areas and neighborhoods, and modern technology was incorporated. From automatic signaling systems to highly energy efficient trains, which has allowed us to significantly improve capacity and safety.

    Hoy, The Munich Metro is a fundamental backbone of public transport in the city, with a network that continues to grow.

    History of the Munich Metro Map

    The history of the Munich subway map is intrinsically linked to its growth.

    The original design, that reflected only the two founding lines (U1 and U6), It was developed by a local team of engineers and cartographers led by Horst Spörl.

    As the network expanded, so did the map, introducing visual innovations to simplify the understanding of an increasingly complex system.

    In the decade of 1980, The map was modernized under the direction of the Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft (MVG), integrating not only metro routes, but also other forms of transport, like trams and buses, to offer passengers a complete view of mobility options in the city.

    Additional data

    The Munich Metro is not only an efficient means of transportation, but also offers direct access to many of the most emblematic points of the city. Here are some key stations next to nearby attractions:

    • Marienplatz (U3, U6): It connects with the historic square that houses the New Town Hall and its famous carillon, as well as the Cathedral of Our Lady.
    • Odeon Square (U4, U5): Offers easy access to the English Garden, one of the largest urban parks in the world, and to the Munich Residence.
    • Fruit warning (U6): The closest stop to the Allianz Arena, Bayern Munich stadium.
    • Nymphenburg (U1): For lovers of history and art, It is the most convenient station to visit Nymphenburg Palace, a majestic palace complex.
    • Olympiazentrum (U3): Located near the Olympic Park and the BMW Museum, a fascinating experience for car enthusiasts.

    Melbourne Metro Map

    Melbourne metro logo

    Melbourne Metro, officially known as “Metro Trains Melbourne”, is a suburban train system that operates in the city of Melbourne, Australia. Although it is not an underground subway in the traditional sense, It is a vital component of the city's public transportation system.

    The system covers a large network with 16 lines and more of 200 stations, over approximately 998 kilometres (620 miles) of roads.

    The network is managed by Metro Trains Melbourne, An alliance between MTR Corporation, John Holland Group y UGL Rail.

    Here's the melbourne metro map. Click on the image to enlarge it:

    Melbourne Metro Map

    Melbourne Metro timetable

    • Work days: 4:00h to midnight
    • Saturdays: 4:00h to midnight
    • Sundays: 5:00h to midnight

    Rates

    • Price of a ticket in local currency: 4.50 AUD (2.90 USD).

    Official Web site

    History of the Melbourne Metro

    XIX century

    The history of the Melbourne suburban rail system, known as “Metro Trains Melbourne”, dates back to the mid-19th century. Inaugurated in 1854, the system is one of the oldest in Australia. Originally built and operated by different private companies, the system passed into government hands in the 20th century, which allowed greater integration and expansion of the network.

    Twentieth century

    In the decade of 1970, construction of the first significant underground tunnel began, known as the “City Loop”, which was gradually inaugurated between 1981 y 1985. This project aimed to alleviate congestion at the Flinders Street and better distribute passengers through new centrally located stations: Parliament, Melbourne Central y Flagstaff.

    XXI century

    In 2008, Sir Rod Eddington proposed ambitious plan to improve Melbourne's east-west connectivity, including a new railway tunnel and Flagstaffwhich would connect the Sunbury and Pakenham-Cranbourne lines through the city centre. It's plan, known as the Melbourne Metro Rail Project, It was officially adopted by the state government and has undergone several revisions and expansions since then..

    The project Melbourne Metro Tunnel, started in 2018, It is one of the most important expansions of the system. This project of 12.58 billion AUD (about 8.76 billion USD) includes the construction of a tunnel 9 kilometers that will connect the Sunbury and Dandenong lines, with five new underground stations: Arden, Parkville, Anzac, Town Hall y State Library. The project also plans to connect the system with the future rail link to Melbourne Airport.

    The tunnel, which is built at a depth of up to 40 meters, is the largest railway project in Victoria since the construction of the City Loop. Tunnel operation is expected to begin in 2025, and is anticipated to significantly improve system capacity and efficiency, allowing a greater number of trains and facilitating access to key areas of the city.

    The development of this project has involved several companies and has generated thousands of jobs in the region. Companies such as Alstom and Evolution Rail have been crucial in the manufacture and maintenance of rolling stock, while the project has trained numerous apprentices and engineers, consolidating its importance both in economic and infrastructure terms.

    Melbourne Subway Map History

    The Melbourne metro map has evolved significantly since the rail system's inauguration in 1854. The first maps were simple diagrams of the train lines that connected key points in and around the city.. With the expansion of the network, These maps became more complex and detailed.

    During the decade of 1970, with the construction of the City Loop, the first significant underground tunnel, new maps were introduced to include underground stations Parliament, Melbourne Central y Flagstaff, which transformed the representation of Melbourne's core network.

    These maps had to show the new underground routes and also how they integrated with the existing lines converging at Flinders Street station..

    The map of the subway today

    In recent years, the project “Melbourne Metro Tunnel” has introduced a new dimension in the mapping of the city's public transport. This project, which includes the construction of a tunnel 9 km with five new underground stations, and has required the creation of maps showing the new routes and how these will connect with existing and planned lines.

    Historic maps of Melbourne also highlight lines and stations that are no longer in use, offering a glimpse of what the network might have been like if certain routes had not been closed. Examples of closed lines include the Outer Circle Line, the Inner Circle Line and the St Kilda Line. These historical representations allow us to imagine a much more extensive transportation network..

    Finally, modern maps of the Melbourne train network, Developed by Public Transport Victoria (PTV), They have been designed to be more accessible and easier to use.

    These maps include current train lines and also highlight special services such as event lines and free tram access zones in the CBD. Besides, Pocket and high visibility versions have been created for ease of use by all users.

    Additional data

    Here are some interesting facts and notable tourist places:

    1. The “City Loop”: This is the first significant underground tunnel, opened between 1981 y 1985, which includes Parliament stations, Melbourne Central y Flagstaff. The City Loop It was a major step forward in relieving congestion at the station Flinders Street​.
    2. Laneways de Melbourne: During the CBD boom in the years 90, Businesses began to use alleys in innovative ways. Hoy, These alleys are home to hidden cafes, bares, restaurants and shops, becoming a symbol of Melbourne's vibrant urban life.
    3. coffee culture: Melbourne has more cafes per capita than any other city in the world. The city's coffee culture developed thanks to European immigration during the gold rush and has evolved to become a fundamental part of everyday life..
    4. The world's first feature film: “The Story of the Kelly Gang”, filmed in 1906 a Melbourne, It is recognized as the world's first feature film. It was screened for the first time at the Athenaeum Theatre..

    Important and tourist places in Melbourne

    1. Federation Square (Flinders Street Station, City Loop): A famous meeting point and cultural center that houses museums, galleries and public events.
    2. Melbourne Cricket Ground (Richmond Station, Lilydale/Alamein/Belgrave Line): One of the largest and oldest sports stadiums in the world, host of major cricket and Australian rules football events.
    3. Royal Botanic Gardens (Jolimont Station, Hurstbridge Line): An extensive botanical garden with a diverse collection of plants from around the world, ideal for walks and picnics.
    4. Queen Victoria Market (Flagstaff Station, City Loop): A historic and vibrant market where you can find fresh produce, gourmet foods and crafts.
    5. Chinatown (Parliament Station, City Loop): One of the oldest Chinatowns in the Western world, Full of authentic restaurants and cultural shops.
    6. National Gallery of Victoria (Flinders Street Station, City Loop): Australia's oldest and most visited art museum, which houses an impressive collection of international and Australian art.
    7. St Kilda Beach (Balaclava Station, Sandringham Line): A popular beach with a lively boardwalk, restaurants and the iconic Luna Park.
    8. Melbourne Zoo (Royal Park Station, Upfield Line): Australia's oldest zoo, Home to a vast range of exotic and native animals.

    Auckland Metro Map (CRL)

    Logo City Rail Link, of Auckland, Australia.

    The call “metro” of Auckland is officially called City Rail Link (CRL) and is the largest transport project in New Zealand's history, located in Auckland, The largest city in the country.

    Although it's not a traditional subway system, the CRL is an underground urban train that will significantly improve public transport connectivity in the city.

    The City Rail Link is expected to transform the existing rail system by creating an underground connection that will facilitate access to various parts of Auckland. The project, Once Finished, It will feature 3.45 kilometres (2.14 miles) tunnels and new underground stations.

    At the moment (2024), the CRL is at an advanced stage of construction. Tunnels and stations are in the process of being completed.

    Key stations such as Waitematā (Britomart), Karanga-a-Hape and Maungawhau (Mount Eden) are being prepared for their planned opening in early September. 2026. The tunnel has been completed and system installation work is underway, Signage & Final Testing.

    Here's a look at the future Auckland City Rail Link map:

    Map of Auckland's future City Rail Link metro, New Zealand.

    Simplified Map:

    Simplified map of Auckland's City Rail Link metro, New Zealand.

    Time of the City Rail Link

    • Monday to Friday: 5:00 AM – 11:00 PM
    • Saturdays: 6:00 AM – 11:00 PM
    • Sundays and holidays: 7:00 AM – 10:00 PM

    Rates of the City Rail Link

    • Single ticket price in local currency (NZD): 3.50 NZD
    • Single ticket price in U.S. dollars (USD): about 2.30 USD

    Official Web site of the “metro” of Auckland

    History of the City Rail Link of Auckland

    The idea of the City Rail Link (CRL) it has been present in Auckland's strategic plans for decades. In the decade of 1920, an underground diversion was first proposed at Morningside, but it was rejected in 1930.

    During the years 1940 y 1950, Several attempts were made to electrify the railway system and build underground tunnels, but none came to fruition due to a preference for a highway system similar to that of Los Angeles.

    In the decade of 1970, the Mayor of Auckland, Sir Dove-Myer Robinson, He proposed a high-speed train system that was also not realized.

    It was until the year 2004 whereas the Auckland City Council prepared preliminary plans for an underground railway connecting the Britomart Transport Centre with the Western Line in the vicinity of Mount Eden Station.

    Construction of the CRL officially began in December 2015. The project has faced numerous challenges, including delays and cost increases due to the COVID-19 pandemic and disruption to global supply chains.

    During the project's excavations, Significant historical artifacts were discovered, such as parts of the old Customs St seawall and remnants of Queen St Pier, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. These findings have been documented and preserved, Adding a historical dimension to the project.

    The main infrastructure is expected to be completed by November 2025, and the system will be operational in early 2026.

    History of the map “metro” of Auckland

    The design of the City Rail Link map has been a collaboration between several entities to ensure its functionality and aesthetics.

    The final designs for the CRL stations and route were developed by a consortium known as the Link Alliance, which includes design and construction companies such as Vinci Construction Grands Projects, Downer NZ, and WSP New Zealand (International Railway Journal)​.

    This consortium was responsible for the physical construction of the project and also for the information on the maps, is clear and accessible to all.

    Additional data

    • The CRL includes new stations in Aotea, Karangahape and Mount Eden, that will significantly improve access to public transportation in these areas.
    • CRL project expected to increase capacity of Auckland's rail system, allowing more trains to run more frequently.
    • Aotea Station will be the largest train station in New Zealand, located in the heart of Auckland's central business district.
    • This project is critical to Auckland's growth and development, helping to better connect communities and facilitate access to economic opportunities, Educational & Recreational.

    Important Tourist Places

    1. Sky Tower (Te Waihorotiu Station (Aotea), CRL line): An iconic viewpoint offering panoramic views of Auckland.
    2. Auckland Art Gallery (Te Waihorotiu Station (Aotea), CRL line): New Zealand's most extensive art gallery with national and international collections.
    3. Auckland War Memorial Museum (Waitematā Station (Britomart), CRL line): Auckland Region War Memorial & Museum.
    4. Viaduct Harbour (Waitematā Station (Britomart), CRL line): Vibrant area with restaurants, Bars & Harbour Views.
    5. Mount Eden (Maungawhau Station (Mount Eden), CRL line): A dormant volcano with a park and panoramic views of the city.
    6. Aotea Square (Te Waihorotiu Station (Aotea), CRL line): Large public space and venue for various events and shows.
    7. Karangahape Road (Karanga-a-Hape Station, CRL line): Famous street known for its vibrant nightlife and eclectic shops.
    8. Queen Street (Waitematā Station (Britomart), CRL line): The main commercial artery of downtown Auckland.

    Subway maps worldwide